The Snowbirds (official name: 431 Air Demonstration Squadron) are the official aerobatic team of the Royal Canadian Air Force. The team fly nine CT-114 Tutors in their display. The team are based at 15 Wing in Moose Jaw.


The Snowbirds have their roots with 431 Squadron, who were tasked with performing aerial displays with four F-86 Sabres in 1954. In 1970, the RCAF began using four CT-114 Tutors left over from the nine-ship Golden Centennaires (a team which performed in 1967 to mark the nation’s centenary) for flypasts and small-scale air displays. They had grown into a fully-fledged seven-ship display team by 1971. The team was soon re-named the Snowbirds. The team was formed into its own squadron in 1978 when the 431 Squadron was reactivated and became the Snowbirds.

The CT-114 Tutor has been retired from regular RCAF service, but the Snowbirds will continue flying the type until around 2030 due to the high cost of replacing the fleet. It is not clear what aircraft may replace the Tutor.


The Snowbirds’ display changes slightly each year, but it typically begins with several minutes of nine-ship formation aerobatics, following which the team breaks down into smaller groups for more dynamic manoeuvres (typically twos, fours, fives and sevens). The team re-form as a nine-ship towards the end for further formation passes and breaks.

Schedule (2020)

Date Show Location Country
Jun 6-7 United States Selfridge ANGB Airshow & Open House Mt. Clemens USA (MI)
Jun 10 Canada North Bay Armed Forces Day North Bay Canada (ON)
Jun 13-14 Canada CFB Borden Armed Forces Day Borden Canada (ON)
Jun 17 Canada Snowbirds display Thompson Canada (MB) Snowbirds
Jun 20-21 Canada Manitoba Airshow Portage la Prairie Canada (MB)
Jun 24 Canada Aérofête de Beauces Saint-Georges Canada (QC)
Jun 27-28 Canada Waterloo Aerofest Waterloo Canada (ON)
Jul 4-5 United States Let Freedom Fly Int’l Airshow Pierre USA (SD)
Jul 11-12 Canada Yellowknife Int’l Airshow Yellowknife Canada (NT)
Jul 15 Canada Snowbirds display Whitehorse Canada (YT)
Jul 18-19 Canada 4 Wing Cold Lake Airshow Cold Lake Canada (AB)
Jul 23-26 United States EAA AirVenture Oshkosh USA (WI)
Jul 29 Canada Snowbirds display Vancouver Canada (BC)
Aug 1-2 Canada Lethbridge Airshow Lethbridge Canada (AB)
Aug 5 Canada Rocky Mountain House Airshow Rocky Mountain House Canada (AB)
Aug 7-9 Canada Abbotsford Int’l Airshow Abbotsford Canada (BC)
Aug 12 Canada Snowbirds fly for CHILD White Rock Canada (BC)
Aug 15-16 Canada Edmonton Airshow Edmonton Canada (BC)
Aug 29-30 Canada Air Show Atlantic Debert Canada (NS)
Sep 2 Canada Brantford Community Charity Airshow Brantford Canada (ON)
Sep 5-7 Canada Canadian Int’l Airshow Toronto Canada (ON)
Sep 11-13 Canada Airshow London London Canada (ON)
Sep 16 Canada Fort Erie Airshow Fort Erie Canada (ON)
Sep 19-20 Canada Aero Gatineau-Ottawa Gatineau Canada (QC)
Sep 26-27 Canada Festival Aérien Gravity Mirabel Canada (QC)
Oct 3-4 United States California Capital Airshow Sacramento USA (CA)
Oct 10-11 United States Wings Over Houston Houston USA (TX)


  • 10th June 1972: A pilot died after the two solo jets clipped each other’s wings during a display at CFB Trenton
  • 3rd May 1978: A pilot died when his horizontal stabilizer failed and he lost control of the aircraft during a show in Grand Prarie; the ejection was not successful
  • 3rd September 1989: Two jets collided at the Canadian International Airshow, killing one pilot
  • 10th December 1998: A pilot died after a mid-air collision during a training flight at Moose Jaw
  • 21st June 2001: A pilot and passenger ejected after a mid-air collision during a photoshoot; both survived, but the passenger was injured
  • 10th December 2004: A pilot died after two planes collided on a training flight; the pilot of the second jet was thrown from the aircraft and deployed his parachute
  • 18th May 2007: A pilot died when his jet crashed during a training flight at Malstrom AFB
  • 9th October 2008: A pilot and his passenger, a photographer, died when their jet impacted the ground
  • 13th October 2019: A pilot ejects safely from his jet while waiting to display at the Atlanta Airshow
  • 17th May 2019: Snowbirds PAO Jenn Casey dies and another is injured when a CT-114 crashes after take-off from Kamloops